Hello, everyone!

Sejam bem-vindos e bem-vindas a mais um episódio da nossa série de podcasts, o Fluency News! Aqui você vai treinar a sua escuta e ficar por dentro do que está acontecendo no mundo, sempre com as principais notícias da semana, tudo em inglês! Ao longo do episódio, nós também adicionamos explicações em português das coisas que achamos que precisam de mais atenção, assim você não perde nenhum detalhe! 

Neste episódio, você vai saber mais sobre os países que estão repensando suas alianças depois da morte da rainha Elizabeth, as tropas russas que estão finalmente deixando algumas regiões da Ucrânia e a fortuna que o Rock in Rio gerou para o Rio de Janeiro. Ready

Temos uma página de dicas de inglês no Instagram, vá conferir! @fluencytvingles
Toda semana, temos um novo episódio do Fluency News, não deixe de escutar! See you!

Transcrição do episódio

Hello everyone, what is up? Scott Lowe here and welcome to Fluency News, para o episódio número 100 do seu podcast de notícias em inglês, com comentários em português! Sim gente, episódio 100! Que loucura, e que alegria estar ajudando vocês aqui todo esse tempo.

Lembrando que se você estiver me ouvindo do youtube, você pode ativer as legendas para acompanhar as notícias praticando bem o seu listening e sua leitura!

E fica de olho pois dia 26 de Setembro vai rolar a pré-matrícula pra nossa nova turma de inglês! 

Now, let’s get the ball rolling!

O longo reinado da rainha Elizabeth chegou ao fim depois de 70 anos, mas, e agora? Será que algo vai mudar nas relações dos outros países com a coroa? De acordo com a nossa primeira notícia, parece que sim! Bora entender o que tá acontecendo, vamo lá.

Although the British crown is usually associated with Britain and the United Kingdom, it is actually the head of a significant association of countries, most of them British colonies at some point in history, called The Commonwealth of Nations, or simply the Commonwealth.

This association tries to work together to promote similar ideas of democracy and society, and Queen Elizabeth was a big supporter of this allegiance, she would always visit these countries while on the throne. In fact, she expanded the commonwealth from 6 to 56 countries and was named head of state of 32 of these countries, but these numbers have been falling quickly, being now at just 14 including Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.

Countries have always been free to stay, join or leave the commonwealth, and it seems that with the Queen’s passing, a lot of them are questioning the alliance and some are not totally on board, especially the 14 that still have her as sovereign.

The former colonies have been distancing themselves from the monarchy over the last 50 years and just last year Barbados became a republic, no longer considering Elizabeth as their head of state. In addition, some protests have been happening in Caribbean countries, including one protest during Prince William and Kate’s last visit against the monarchy’s presence. Consequently, Charles’ crowning will probably be the trigger for more countries to cut ties.

Meera S., a professor in International relations from London University, explained “The Commonwealth has to deal with a central tension in it: On the one hand, people find its spaces useful for discussion; on the other, all its members are aware that it represents something in the past that nobody wants to return to, an imperial structure. […] People are more and more keen to get away from that history and then forge their own futures. […] It’s not at all clear to me that the next head of the Commonwealth would be a member of the British Royal Family.”.

56 países é bastante coisa, né? Vamos ver o que vai acontecer com essas relações que a Elizabeth construiu durante o trono dela agora que o Charles chegou aí.

Bom, vamos falar de uma expressão que ouvimos aqui! A Meera, professora da London University, falou:

Lettering:  On the one hand, people find its spaces useful. On the other, all its members are aware of what it represents…

Essa frases “on the one hand” e depois “on the other” são equivalentes ao “por um lado” e “por outro [lado]”! É um jeito de mostrar contrast! Então: 

On the one hand 
Por um lado

On the other
Por outro [lado]

Então eu poderia falar:

On the one hand, I want to stay home and rest, on the other, I haven’t seen my friends in ages.
Por um lado, eu quero ficar em casa e descansar, por outro, eu não vejo meus amigos faz um tempão.

Decisão difícil, né? Eu amo ficar em casa mas também fico com saudades dos meus amigos!

Você acredita que a guerra entre a Russia e a Ucrânia já está completando 7 meses? Essa sequência de dias horríveis talvez tenha encontrado um momento de esperança para algumas das cidades ucranianas que foram invadidas, e antes de começar, já peço desculpas pela minha pronúncia dos nomes das cidades!

Cities in the east of Ukraine might finally be able to breathe and sleep in peace! After a lot of strategic planning, Ukrainian troops were able to push back and corner Russian groups, making them leave to escape being surrounded. 

The Russian troops left the Kharkiv region in a hurry and ended up leaving behind significant numbers of weapons and munitions in a rushed retreat as the war reached day 200 on Sunday the 11th. Soon after the retreat, one of their ammunition depots was blown up by Ukrainian forces.

Ukraine’s military chief said that Ukraine’s actions had liberated about 3.000 square kilometers in the last few weeks, leaving only 50 kilometers yet to be liberated on that side. The Russian defense ministry denies this and says the retreat happened because more men were needed in the area of Donetsk, a different territory.

But there are many signs now that the Russian defense is beginning to crumble and troops may be running out of ammunition, and ceasefires or local surrenders are being arranged, particularly in that Kharkiv area.

In fear of retaliation, even Ukrainian citizens who cooperated with Russian troops are packing up and leaving the area, trying to enter Russia to escape the conflict and their charges of treason. The Kharkiv province authorities said that 50 cases had been opened for these accusations, including mayors, judges, and police officers.

E aí? Ficou muito ruim minha pronúncia dos nomes das cidades? Bom, vamo lá pra nossa dica da vez! Aqui no início da notícia, você ouviu que:

They might finally be able to breathe

Aqui, temos a palavra breathe, escrita com E no final, B-R-E-A-T-H-E, essa palavra é o verbo respirar, breathe = respirar. Escuta só esses exemplos:

Lettering: I need a few minutes to breathe.
Legenda: Eu preciso  de uns minutos para respirar.

Lettering: Fish can only breathe underwater.
Legenda: Peixes só conseguem respirar de baixo da água.

Mas existe outra palavra, escrita sem esse E no final, e ela a gente vai pronunciar como breath, e se escreve B-R-E-A-T-H, essa palavra pode ser traduzida como respiro, respiração e até hálito. Então se eu quiser falar do meu amigo George, que tinha mau hálito, eu vou dizer:

Lettering: George doesn’t have bad breath anymore.
Legenda: O George não tem mais mau hálito.

E quando queremos dizer que alguém está sem ar, ou porque correu, nadou ou tá nervoso ou qualquer coisa do tipo, vou falar: 

Lettering: She is out of breath now. 
Legenda: Ela está sem ar agora.

Então, breathe = respirar, breath = respiração

E vamos falar de coisa boa na nossa última notícia de hoje? Vamos falar de música? Que o Rock in Rio é um dos maiores e mais icônicos festivais de música do mundo, você já sabe né, mas você tem ideia do tanto de dinheiro que o festival movimenta? Vem comigo descobrir e aproveita pra mandar o episódio pra galera que comentou sobre o Rock in Rio com você!

After three years, Rock in Rio finally returned for the long-awaited 2022 edition. During two weekends, from the 2nd to the 11th of September, the festival attracted 420,000 people from outside Rio, plus 10,000 international visitors from 31 countries, totaling 700.000 fans.

Among the attractions were huge names such as Iron Maiden, Post Malone, Justin Bieber, Guns N’ Roses, Green Day, Avril Lavigne, Coldplay, and Dua Lipa. And even with the downpour on the second weekend, they made audiences go crazy, not only those who were there but also those watching at home.

The performances became trending topics on Twitter multiple times and were quite the national phenomenon, especially Coldplay’s heartfelt performance, visual effects and attempt to speak and sing in Portuguese.

“After three years, we could feel again the emotion of seeing the City of Rock full of fans who invade the lawns with contagious joy and with the sole purpose of being happy,” says Rock in Rio founder and president Roberto Medina.

Medina, by the way, has plenty of reason to be happy. The festival created 28.000 jobs and generated around 2 billion reals for the city of Rio, and was considered a mark of a new beginning and opened the possibility of expanding the festival to other countries such as The US and Chile. 

Eu adorei ver o Coldplay falando Português! E fiquei surpreso ao descobrir que eles tem 8 shows lotados agendados para Outubro no Brasil, isso que é cair nas graças do povo brasileiro hein? E bora pra nossa última dica do dia, que é mais uma dica de vocabulário. Aqui na notícia tivemos a frase

Lettering: Coldplay’s attempt to speak and sing in Portuguese.

A palavra “attempt” pode parecer algo muito diferente mas ela quer dizer simplesmente “tentativa” e a gente pode usar tanto como o verbo “tentar” quanto como o substantivo “tentativa”. A palavra “try” tem o mesmo sentido, mas “attempt” mais formal. Vamo ver como fica na frase, escuta só: 

Lettering: We attempted to call him. 
Legenda: Nós tentamos ligar para ele.

Lettering: You only have two attempts to break the record. 
Legenda: Você tem só duas tentativas para quebrar o récorde

É uma palavra chique essa!

Alright! That’s it for this week’s news! Eu curti demais estar aqui de novo para o nosso centésimo episódio, e quero que vocês me contem nos comentários o que estão achando dos nossos episódios em vídeo! E se você gostou do episódio, não esquece de compartilhar com a galera e contar pra todo mundo que agora a gente tá no youtube também!

See you next week! 
Peace!

Stories

Countries cutting ties with British monarchy
https://abcnews.go.com/International/death-queen-elizabeth-ii-charles-now-king-commonwealth/story?id=89698750
 
https://news.sky.com/story/can-the-commonwealth-survive-the-queens-death-and-should-it-12696348
 
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/sep/12/monday-briefing-commonwealth-charles-first-edition
 

Coldplay Rock in Rio
https://www.correiobraziliense.com.br/diversao-e-arte/2022/09/5036019-coldplay-rouba-a-cena-no-penultimo-dia-do-rock-in-rio.html
 
https://www.nme.com/features/opinion/brazil-rock-in-rio-capped-off-festival-season-in-style-green-day-coldplay-dua-lipa-3308264
 
https://www.iq-mag.net/2022/09/rock-in-rio-generates-2bn-reals-in-economic-impact/
 

Russians leaving Ukraine
https://news.sky.com/story/ukraine-may-have-chance-to-throw-russians-out-military-analyst-says-12696364
 
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/sep/13/collaborators-with-russian-forces-are-fleeing-say-ukrainian-officials
 
https://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory/ukraine-pushes-russia-retreat-counteroffensive-89686831
 

Professor

Scott Lowe

Playlist

Fluency News
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Fluency News #93 – The “abandoned house” from the podcast becomes a tourist attraction in São Paulo, Pet trades may be forbidden in New York and Kylie Jenner hates the new Instagram.
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Fluency News #94 – World’s tallest tree now off-limits, tension around US visit to Taiwan and DC movie canceled during post-production
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Fluency News #95 – Droughts in Europe are revealing the cautionary “Hunger Stones”, the death and legacy of Olivia Newton John and Jô Soares and Meta’s bot rebelling against its owner Mark Zuckemberg
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Fluency News #100 – British monarchy alliances questioned, Rock in Rio has iconic performances and generates a fortune for the local economy
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Ouvindo agora: Fluency News #100
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Fluency News: Jeffrey Dahmer, Nasa e outras notícias do mundo em inglês!
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Fluency News #105 – British Prime Minister Liz Truss resigns after 44 days in charge, 75 people are rescued on the Greek seas and Taylor Swift’s new album divides opinions
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Fluency News #107 – More than 3 thousand Twitter employees laid off, Brazilian tourist crushed by ice in Argentina, and the death of Aaron Carter
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Fluency News #109 – The World Cup opening ceremony causes mixed reactions, school experiment goes wrong in Australia and public figures in Iran are arrested
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Fluency News 110: Copa do mundo