Hello, everyone!

Sejam bem-vindos e bem-vindas a mais um episódio da nossa série de podcasts, o Fluency News! Aqui você vai treinar a sua escuta e ficar por dentro do que está acontecendo no mundo, sempre com as principais notícias da semana, tudo em inglês! Ao longo do episódio, nós também adicionamos explicações em português das coisas que achamos que precisam de mais atenção, assim você não perde nenhum detalhe!

Neste episódio, vamos falar das “Pedras de Fome”, pedras reveladas pela seca na Europa que carregam mensagens misteriosas de mau presságio. Você também vai ouvir sobre a morte e o legado do nosso querido Jô Soares e da estrela Olivia Newton-John. Para finalizar, ainda vamos te contar as opiniões do robô da Meta sobre seu próprio chefe. Ready?

Temos uma página de dicas de inglês no Instagram, vá conferir! @fluencytvingles
Toda semana, temos um novo episódio do Fluency News, não deixe de escutar! See you!

Transcrição do episódio

Hello everyone, how is it going on the other side of the screen? I’m Scott Lowe and welcome to Fluency News, o seu podcast de notícias em inglês, com comentários em português!

E hoje eu já começo com essa super novidade: o Fluency News tá de cara nova! Mais especificamente, a minha cara! Pretty, hum? Haha É isso mesmo, agora você pode nos acompanhar por vídeo também nas plataformas digitais e no youtube! [conseguimos colocar a animação do inscreva-se?] Ain’t it great?

Então fica comigo, pra exercitar o seu inglês e se atualizar das notícias da semana ao redor do mundo!

E antes da gente começar, queria lembrar vocês que já já nós vamos abrir novas turmas aqui na Fluency Academy! Então vai correndo aqui na descrição e já se inscreve na nossa lista de espera pra ser o primeiro a saber quando as vagas abrirem! É bem rapidinho!

Today we’ll understand what the Huger Stones are, and what the ancient messages written on those stones of the Elbe river say. We’re also checking out a bit of the legacy left by the icon Oliva Newton-John, and the Brazilian beloved comedian Jô Soares. And last but not least, I’ll show you a bit of the conversation that the Meta’s bot had with BBC, and the – not so gentle – stuff it said about its owner Mark Zuckerberg. Are you ready? Let’s go!

Mensagens de presságio cravadas em pedras que se revelam uma vez em anos… Isso pode parecer coisa de filme, mas é o que está acontecendo agora na Alemanha e na República Tcheca! [deixar as imagens das pedras da fome enquanto ele fala]

The drought in Europe has revealed the so-called “Hunger Stones”. Those stones are on the sideways of the Elbe, a river that begins in the Czech Republic and flows through Germany, and they are carved with ancient messages carrying a mythical tone of bad omen. These carvings have been used for centuries to register historical droughts – and warn of their consequences.

But what do the messages say? The most famous one is written in German and it says “When you see me, cry” Some other sentences on the stones are “life will bloom again when this rock disappears”, and “Those who once have seen me, cried. And those who see me now, will cry too.”, and also “You will cry when you see this. The water was this low in the year 1417.”

It’s quite clear that the situation is alarming. But the consequences of today are not as harsh as before. Now, there is enough technology for people not to depend that much on the river. However, the situation is still far from good. Countries like Spain and France are already on water rationing, and ships are facing trouble in Hungary, due to low levels of water. In addition to it, the heat wave keeps hunting Europe.

Cara, isso parece mesmo coisa de filme! Que loucura! E pra te ajudar a entender melhor essa notícia, presta atenção nessa frase aqui: “they are carved with ancient messages carrying a mythical tone of bad omen”, 

Lettering: They are carved with ancient messages carrying a mythical tone of bad omen.
Legenda: Elas estão entalhadas com mensagens que carregam um tom místico de mau presságio.

[…] que significa “Elas estão entalhadas com mensagens que carregam um tom místico de mau presságio”.

Bad omen
[lettering: Bad omen]
Legenda: Mau presságio
é essa expressão em inglês pra dizer que algo ruim é provável de acontecer no futuro. É o que anunciam as pedras da notícia, que devido à seca, consequências muito ruins são prováveis de acontecer. Get it?

Esse quadro não costuma ter um obituário, mas essa foi uma semana de grandes perdas no Brasil e no mundo.

On the 5h of august 2022, Brazil had to say goodbye to its dearest TV host, humorist, and writer, Jô Soares. Dead at 84, Jô has left Brazilians a great legacy of humor. In fact, humor was the needle that sewed all his work together: books, plays, tv shows, monologues, it was not Jô if it didn’t make you smile. He is no longer among us, but his art will remain, as he will always be remembered as the host of the greatest talk show in Brazil: o Programa do Jô.

Well, Jô was not the only great loss we had this week. Olivia Newton-John, the great performer known for playing Sandy on Grease, died peacefully on a Monday morning, at age 73. Holding five number one singles on the Billboard Hot 100, her greatest achievement was fighting breast cancer – and winning – for over 30 years.

Olivia had not only fought the disease but also shared her journey and inspired thousands of people. She spent the majority of the latter half of her career as an advocate for cancer patients and survivors. Thirty years after her first breast cancer diagnosis in 1992, Olivia still maintained an air of positivity when it came to dealing with cancer. As her husband, John Easterling wrote on social media “Olivia has been a symbol of triumphs and hope for over 30 years sharing her journey with breast cancer. Her healing inspiration and pioneering experience with plant medicine continue with the Olivia Newton-John Foundation Fund, dedicated to researching plant medicine and cancer.” 

They will both be missed

É, os dois vão fazer muita falta, mas também deixaram muita história por aqui.

A minha dica aqui nessa notícia é sobre o uso das preposições IN e ON.

Lettering: IN e ON

Toda vez que a gente se refere a um dia, seja um dia específico ou um dia da semana, a gente usa a preposição “ON”. Por exemplo: “On the 5h of august 2022” 

Lettering: On the 5h of august 2022.
Legenda: No dia 5 de agosto de 2022.

ou “she died peacefully on a Monday morning”.

Lettering: She died peacefully on a Monday morning.
Legenda: Ela morreu sem sofrimentos numa manhã de segunda-feira. 

Já quando a gente fala de um mês ou um ano, a gente usa o “IN”. Por exemplo: “Thirty years after her first breast cancer diagnosis in 1992”.

Lettering: Thirty years after her first breast cancer diagnosis in 1992.
Legenda: Trinta anos após seu primeiro diagnóstico de câncer de mama em 1992.

Outra dica legal é o jeito que a gente pronuncia o ano, ao invés de dizer “one thousand nine hundred ninety-two”,

Lettering: 1992

dizemos simplesmente “nineteen ninety-two”, cortando a data no meio.

Lettering: 19 / 92

Tenta aí me dizer o ano em que você nasceu!

Os robôs estão cada vez mais parecidos com os humanos. Eles são capazes de limpar, conversar, andar e até mesmo reclamar do chefe! Não acredita? Então se liga nessa notícia!

Last Friday,  Zuckerberg’s great tech company, Meta, released a new chatbot, a virtual robot able to talk about nearly any topic.  It is named “BlenderBot 3” and its programme “learns” from large amounts of publicly available language data. Journalists from BBC decided to test the bot and check its thoughts on its “boss”: Mark Zucerberg, Metas’s CEO.

BlenderBot’s answers were odd and surprising. The chatbot told the BBC that Zucerberg did a terrible job at testifying before congress. The robot kept on saying that it was concerned about the country, because it is divided, and Mark didn’t help with that at all.The machine also said that his company exploits people for money and he simply doesn’t care. 

The spokesperson from Meta came to the public to explain it. He said: “Everyone who uses Blender Bot is required to acknowledge they understand it’s for research and entertainment purposes only, that it can make untrue or offensive statements, and that they agree to not intentionally trigger the bot to make offensive statements’ ‘. It might sound like the Frankenstein of real life, but, in fact, whatever the chatbot says it’s just a reproduction of what is frequently said on the internet. 

Quem diria, né? Acho que o Mark Zuckerberg já pode se preocupar, porque mesmo o robô não pensando essas coisas dele, parece que é o que muita gente na internet tem pensado…

E pra você entender essa notícia direitinho, vou te explicar uma palavrinha mágica que apareceu muito aqui: ITS.

Lettering: ITS

Isso, tudo junto. Sem apóstrofo.
Essa palavra não é o mesmo que it is,

Lettering: It is  [colocar um X em cima]

que significa que algo é ou está. Esse its

Lettering: ITS

é o que chamamos de pronome possessivo, ou seja, uma palavra que indica que algo pertence a algo ou alguém. Então veja: “Journalists from BBC decided to test the bot and check its thoughts on its “boss”: Mark Zuckerberg, Metas’s CEO.”

Lettering: Journalists from BBC decided to test the bot and check its thoughts on its “boss”: Mark Zuckerberg, Metas’s CEO.
Legenda: Jornalistas da BBC decidiram testar o robô e checar os seus pensamentos em relação ao seu chefe: Mark Zuckerberg, CEO da Meta.

Ou seja, “ Jornalistas da BBC decidiram testar o robô e checar os “seus” pensamentos – pensamentos que pertencem ao robô – em relação ao “seu” chefe – chefe que pertence ao robô”. É o equivalente a HIS ou HER ou MY – só que pra coisas ou animais, ou tudo aquilo que não sejam pessoas.

Alright! Those were the news of the week! How did you find them? Eu amei estar de volta aqui, principalmente agora que vocês podem me ver! E se você gostou do episódio, não esquece de compartilhar com a galera e contar pra todo mundo que agora a gente tá no youtube também!

See you next week!

Peace!

Stories

Hunger Stones
https://www.npr.org/2018/08/24/641331544/drought-in-central-europe-reveals-cautionary-hunger-stones-in-czech-river#:~:text=The%20Associated%20Press%20reports%20that,border%2C%22%20the%20AP%20writes
.
https://g1.globo.com/mundo/noticia/2022/08/11/as-sinistras-pedras-da-fome-reveladas-em-rios-da-europa-apos-periodo-de-seca.ghtml

Morte do Jô Soares
https://g1.globo.com/sp/sao-paulo/noticia/2022/08/05/jo-soares-morre-em-sao-paulo-aos-84-anos.ghtml

The death of Olivia Newton-John
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/marcusjones/olivia-newton-john-dies

Meta’ chatbot
https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-62497674

Professor

Scott Lowe

Playlist

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